Canada maintains quantitative restrictions, or Tariff Quotas (TRQ), on a range of products and goods, particularly in the dairy, poultry and other supply managed sectors of Canada’s agri-food industry. The import controls are listed in the Import Control List (ICL) and are imposed pursuant to the Export and Import Permits Act (EIPA) and Regulations. The import controls are administered by the Department of Foreign Affairs Trade and Development (DFATD) and serve as a key element in administering Canada’s supply management system for dairy products, poultry and eggs, and Canada’s wheat and barley programs.  The regime features complex and constantly evolving permit requirements. Failure to follow these rules and lack of proper import permits can result in significant financial penalties and even imprisonment.  Domestic producers, food processing operations, investors in the affected operations, and the retailers and consumers touched by these measures can rely on Woods, LaFortune LLP to guide them through the regulatory process, keep them compliant and protect their rights. When special or supplemental import permits are required, we have the experience and know-how to move quickly and effectively on your behalf. .

Woods, LaFortune LLP’s lawyers have worked on a range of matters including access to, and allocation of quota to permitted imports, transfer of quota, government audits, and special programs like the Import for Re-Export Program (IREP). We have successfully acted for many large businesses in Canada’s supply sectors – guiding them through the EIPA requirements, ensuring that they are compliant, and defending their rights when required. We effectively guide our clients through the complex area of import controls and advise them as to their rights and obligations along the way. We can also intervene with senior government officials on behalf of clients to obtain the necessary security and predictability when trading controlled goods.

Our import controls practice includes work in:

  • Export and Import Permits Act (EIPA) and Import Control List (ICL) Requirements
  • Audits and Compliance Incorporations
  • Permit Process – Special and Supplementary
  • Quota Allocation Process
  • Import Compliance
  • Supply Managed Goods


If you have any questions or concerns regarding Import Controls and their application to your business, please contact Michael Woods at (613) 355-0382 or by e-mail at, or Catherine Walsh at (613)-513-7131 or by e-mail at for a no fee, no obligation consultation.